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### Re: min and mindex

by Kenosis (Priest)
 on Nov 06, 2012 at 17:37 UTC ( #1002538=note: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??

in reply to min and mindex

Given your one-to-one mapping between the two arrays (i.e., the same number of elements) and the numbers in @array1 are not repeated, consider the following:

use strict; use warnings; use List::Util 'min'; my %hash; my @array1 = ( 5, 2, 3, 4, 1, 6, 7 ); my @array2 = ( "a", "b", "c", "d", "e", "f", "g" ); my %array1Hash = map { \$array1[\$_] => \$_ } 0 .. \$#array1; @hash{@array1} = @array2; my \$array1Min = min @array1; print 'The minimum value in @array1 is ', \$array1Min, ".\n"; print 'The position of ', \$array1Min, ' in @array1 is ', \$array1Hash{\$array1Min}, ".\n"; print 'The element in @array2 at position ', \$array1Min, ' is ', \$hash{ min @array1 }, '.';

Output:

The minimum value in @array1 is 1. The position of 1 in @array1 is 4. The element in @array2 at position 1 is e.

Two hashes are created. The first (%array1Hash) pairs each element of @array1 with its position in the array. The second (%hash) pairs the elements of @array1 as the keys with the elements of @array2 as values. When you've found the minimum value in @array1, you can use it as the key to get the associated value from @array2.

Hope this helps!

Update: Added printing the min val of @array1 and that element's position in the array.

Replies are listed 'Best First'.
Re^2: min and mindex
by Anonymous Monk on Nov 06, 2012 at 18:15 UTC
I like this example. What would you do if the values in array1 were not unique?

Perhaps something like the following:

use strict; use warnings; use List::Util 'min'; my %array1Hash; my @array1 = ( 5, 2, 1, 4, 1, 6, 7 ); my @array2 = ( "a", "b", "c", "d", "e", "f", "g" ); push @{ \$array1Hash{ \$array1[\$_] } }, \$_ for 0 .. \$#array1; my %array2Hash = map { \$_ => \$array2[\$_] } 0 .. \$#array2; my \$array1Min = min @array1; my \$positions = join ', ', @{ \$array1Hash{\$array1Min} }; my \$elements = join ', ', map \$array2Hash{\$_}, @{ \$array1Hash{\$array1 +Min} }; print 'The minimum value in @array1 is ', "\$array1Min.\n"; print 'The position(s) of ', \$array1Min, ' in @array1: ', "\$positions. +\n"; print 'The element(s) in @array2 at position(s) ', "\$positions: \$eleme +nts.";

Output:

The minimum value in @array1 is 1. The position(s) of 1 in @array1: 2, 4. The element(s) in @array2 at position(s) 2, 4: c, e.

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