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Re^2: XML Newbie

by remiah (Hermit)
on Nov 16, 2012 at 09:07 UTC ( #1004158=note: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??

in reply to Re: XML Newbie
in thread XML Newbie

Hello mirod.

I read your post and tried. And found it seems not working good. This prints

And the script is like this. Just added example xml with your script.
#!/usr/bin/perl use strict; use warnings; use XML::Twig; my $xml=join('',<DATA>); my $t=XML::Twig->new( start_tag_handlers => { _all_ => \&store_line_number, }, twig_handlers => { _all_ => \&warn_on_empty_elt, }, ); $t->parse($xml); sub store_line_number { my( $twig, $elt)= @_; $elt->set_att( '#line' => $twig->current_line); $elt->parent->set_att( '#not_empty') if $elt->parent; } sub warn_on_empty_elt { my( $twig, $elt)= @_; if( ! $elt->att( '#not_empty') && $elt->text !~ m{\S}) { print $elt->att( '#line'), "\n"; } $twig->purge; } __DATA__ <gibsonca> <abc>fds </abc> <!-- ok --> <ddd></ddd> <!-- not ok --> <eee> </eee> <!-- not ok --> </gibsonca>
As you see the DATA, empty tag will be ddd, and eee(line 3,4). And print out of "1" means "gibsonca" tag. I wonder this has relation with parsing of twig, as document says,

Remember that element handlers are called when the element is CLOSED, so if you have handlers for nested elements the inner handlers will be called first.

So, as a result of purging inner elements, gibsonca tag is empty for twig, I guess.

If I comment out purge, it prints line number 3 and 4.


update: Large XML files may have some cluster that may be easy to purge. For example item tag in the below case. Maybe this will print line number of end tag(not as correct as yours), but I would like to purge like this.
#!/usr/bin/perl use strict; use warnings; use XML::Twig; my $xml=join('',<DATA>); my $t=XML::Twig->new( twig_handlers => { '/gibsonca/item//*' => \&warn_on_empty_elt, #all descendants o +f item 'item' => sub { $_[0]->purge; }, #purge if it is item tag }, ); $t->parse($xml); sub warn_on_empty_elt { my( $twig, $elt)= @_; if ($elt->children_trimmed_text eq ''){ printf "empty tag gi=%s,line col=%s,%s\n", $elt->gi, $twig->current_line,$twig->current_column; } } __DATA__ <gibsonca> <item> <abc>fds <test> </test></abc> <!-- test not ok --> <ddd></ddd> <!-- not ok --> <eee> </eee> <!-- not ok --> </item> <item> </item> </gibsonca>

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Re^3: XML Newbie
by mirod (Canon) on Nov 16, 2012 at 12:49 UTC

    Duh! you need to set #not_empty to a true value. That will teach me to change tested code right before posting it.

    So it should be $elt->parent->set_att( '#not_empty', 1) if $elt->parent;

    regarding the update: in the code I wrote, the twig is purged after each element, that's why you need the #not_empty attribute, because within the twig handler, every single element appears empty, except if it contains text.

      Thanks for reply.

      It works fine.

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