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Re^3: How to generate random sequence of UTF-8 characters

by graff (Chancellor)
on Dec 21, 2012 at 07:29 UTC ( #1009883=note: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??

in reply to Re^2: How to generate random sequence of UTF-8 characters
in thread How to generate random sequence of UTF-8 characters

In terms of determining the "acceptability" of posted data, your primary (and perhaps only) concern should be to protect against input that could cause damage or that isn't parsable as utf8. So the common protections against using untrusted data in sensitive operations, together with checks for "\x{fffd}" ought to suffice in terms of technical validation.

If you're trying to collect content from users who might be trying to spoof your forms just for the fun of loading your database with noise, you can't solve that just by limiting the range of characters available for submission. You'll have belabored your code, and people will still be able to post garbage (so long as they stay within the prescribed set of characters).

If your users are limited to the set of people actually trying to do something productive with your service, you should be able to trust them to use just the characters that make sense to them - even if you don't know the full range of characters that they might find useful for a given form submission. If it's valid utf8, and you're just going to store it safely in a table, there's nothing more for you to worry about. You probably should make it easy for them to confirm that the content can make the trip back to them intact, so they can be confident that you got the data that they intended to send.

If a given input field is supposed to contain just digits, you can still check for digits in utf8 strings usind  m/^\d+$/ regardless whether those digits are in the ASCII range, the "full width" range often used in combination with Chinese characters, the Arabic range, or whatever. Likewise for letters (\pL), diacritic marks (\pM), punctuation (\pP) and other such character classes. If you need to enforce "language consistency" - e.g. when users go to a Russian form, you should expect them to post only Russian characters in some fields - there are classes for that too (e.g. "\p{Cyrillic}" - perlunicode and perlre have more info on character class operators for ut8-aware regexes.)

So, just like when you only had to worry about Latin1, the expected content (and/or use) of particular input field is what determines the conditions you test for in validation. The basic strategy is the same when the encoding is utf8 - you just have a larger range of predefined character classes to work with (and a more nuanced interpretation of the classes you've already been using).

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