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Deletes All Records not just one

by PilotinControl (Scribe)
on Feb 16, 2013 at 04:43 UTC ( #1019006=perlquestion: print w/ replies, xml ) Need Help??
PilotinControl has asked for the wisdom of the Perl Monks concerning the following question:

My code deletes all the records not just the one line I need any solutions? Thanks in advace.

sub del { my $output="data.txt"; my ($delroadName, $delroadNumber) = @_; open(DAT,"$output") || die("Can't open file"); my @data = <DAT>; close (DAT); chomp (@data); open(DAT,">$output") || die("Can't open file"); for (@data) { my @field = split(/\:/); next if $field[0] eq $delroadName && $field[0] == $delroadNumber; print ("$_\n"); } close $output; }


data.txt
po:789:auto:home
avr:801:racks:home
with the above code it erases everything in the file not the line needing removed for example if i want to remove avr:801:racks:home the code removes all data

Comment on Deletes All Records not just one
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Re: Deletes All Records not just one
by Anonymous Monk on Feb 16, 2013 at 04:53 UTC
Re: Deletes All Records not just one
by Anonymous Monk on Feb 16, 2013 at 04:56 UTC
Re: Deletes All Records not just one
by Athanasius (Monsignor) on Feb 16, 2013 at 04:59 UTC

    The code as shown is not deleting any records. Also, the filehandle DAT is opened for writing, but never closed: close $output; should be close DAT;. But I suspect the real problem is in the line:

    next if ($field[1], $field[2]) = ($delroadName, $delroadNumber);

    Perhaps you meant:

    next if $field[1] eq $delroadName && $field[2] == $delroadNumber;

    Note that = is for assignment. To test for equality, == is used for numbers, and eq for strings.

    Also note that $field[1] is the second field, as arrays start from element zero. (Your code may be correct here — I only mention this as a point to double-check.)

    Hope that helps,

    Athanasius <°(((><contra mundum Iustus alius egestas vitae, eros Piratica,

Re: Deletes All Records not just one
by Plankton (Priest) on Feb 16, 2013 at 06:26 UTC
    Maybe you should do ...
    print DAT "$_\n";
    ... instead of ...
    print ("$_\n");
    You might also might want to learn about yaml or sqlite. Dealing flatfile databases is just a pain, especially when there are better tools.

      A simple ++ is not enough. You have hit the nail on the head. His code currently prints to STDOUT instead of printing to the file.

      package Cow { use Moo; has name => (is => 'lazy', default => sub { 'Mooington' }) } say Cow->new->name
      /p
Re: Deletes All Records not just one
by tmharish (Friar) on Feb 16, 2013 at 10:13 UTC
    And putting together all of what the others have said ( and adding some sanity checks I follow when things start going wrong ) :
    use strict ; use warnings ; sub del { my ( $delroadName, $delroadNumber ) = @_ ; # This line handles pa +rams for function, # moved to first pa +rt of function my $process_file = "data.txt"; # Variable name change +d to reflect action - # This kind of thin +g can mess things up later. my @data ; { # Adding additional scope to prevent missuse or error use of fileh +andle. open( my $data_file_handle, '<', "$process_file" ) # Changed to +3 param open and replaced bareword file handle. or die("Can't open file: $process_file"); # Changed || +to 'or' in case someone removes brackets for 'open' # Also +added file name to error message. @data = <$data_file_handle> ; # NOTE: 'my' removed t +o ensure scope. close( $data_file_handle ); } chomp( @data ); open( my $out_file_handle,'>', $process_file ) or die("Can't open file: $process_file"); # Modified as above. foreach my $line_from_file ( @data ) { # Chang +ed from for to foreach removed dependence on $_ my @field = split( /\:/, $line_from_file ); # next if( ( $field[0] eq $delroadName ) && ( $field[1] == $delroa +dNumber ) ); # Added brackets and changed $field[0] in both to [0] and [1] next if( ( $field[0] eq $delroadName ) && ( $field[1] == $delroadN +umber ) ); print $out_file_handle $line_from_file, "\n"; # Modified t +o print to file handle - Else the file will be truncated # Since you are open + is with '>' and will remain blank. } # close $output; close $process_file; # You want to close the file handle, not the + string. }

    Update: Corrected stupid mistake as pointed out by tobyink below.

      Thanks for all of the information and the revised code worked it did delete the entries in the file and when i opened the data.txt file here was the input:


      delcarEntry=HASH(0x191920c)
      delcarEntry=HASH(0x191920c)
      delcarEntry=HASH(0x191920c)

        Try:

        print $out_file_handle $line_from_file, "\n";

        You're currently printing out the variable $_ which isn't being defined by any of the code you posted (but is being defined somewhere else to point to an object of some kind).

        package Cow { use Moo; has name => (is => 'lazy', default => sub { 'Mooington' }) } say Cow->new->name

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