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Re: print comma in superscript

by ww (Archbishop)
on Apr 09, 2013 at 01:58 UTC ( #1027621=note: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??

in reply to print comma in superscript

Is there any chance you're actually looking to print an apostrophe... which, in some fonts, looks something like a "superscript comma"?

If you didn't program your executable by toggling in binary, it wasn't really programming!

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Re^2: print comma in superscript
by qingfengzealot (Initiate) on Apr 09, 2013 at 03:38 UTC
    Hi, I'm definitely looking for "superscript comma" rather than an apostrophe. It is commonly used in the authorship list for publications. We have hundreds of scientists with different affiliations, I want to use script to generate them instead of manually type them one by one. Now, I'm using PERL script to read from ".csv" and write to a ".rtf" file. Something like the author list in the following article: Sorry, I don't know how to upload a picture. If you cannot open this article, please let me know you email address and I can send it to you. I also attached my script here, hope someone can help me. Thanks very much.
    #!/usr/bin/perl -w use strict; use warnings; use RTF::Writer; use Unicode::Subscript ':all'; use Text::CSV; #use Unicode::Subscript qw(subscript superscript); if(@ARGV != 2) { print STDERR "Usage: input(.csv) output(.rtf)\n" +; exit(0); } my ($inf, $outf)=@ARGV; my $all_affi; my %hash; my @all_name; my $count=1; my @rows; my $csv = Text::CSV->new ( { binary => 1 } ) # should set binary attr +ibute. or die "Cannot use CSV: ".Text::CSV->error_diag (); open my $fh, "<", $inf or die "$inf: $!"; while ( my $row = $csv->getline( $fh ) ) { if($row->[0]=~/^\d/){ my @a_num; for(my $i=3; $i<=7; $i++){ if($row->[$i]=~/\w/){ my $tmp=$row->[$i]; if(! exists $hash{$tmp}){ $hash{$tmp}=$count; push(@a_num, $hash{$tmp}); $all_affi.=$count.$tmp."\. "; $count++; } }else{ last; } } my $a_num=join"\+", @a_num; if($row->[2]=~/\w/){ push(@all_name, "$row->[1] $row->[2]".superscript($a_num)) +; }elsif($row->[1]=~/\w/){ push(@all_name, "$row->[1]".superscript($a_num)); }else{ print STDERR "Error! Wrong first name for this row:\n$row\ +n"; exit; } } } $csv->eof or $csv->error_diag(); close $fh; my $all_name=join", ", @all_name; print STDERR "There are ". scalar(@all_name)." authors and ".scalar(ke +ys %hash)." affiliations in this list.\n"; my $final= "$all_name\n\n$all_affi\n"; #my $test='This algorithm is O(n' . superscript(3) . ')'; my $rtf = RTF::Writer->new_to_file($outf); $rtf->prolog( 'title' => "Greetings, Naomi" ); $rtf->number_pages; $rtf->paragraph( $final ); $rtf->close;

      I believe those characters you are thinking of as superscripts in the pdf document are actually just regular characters being displayed in a different font and different baseline. See this short discussion from stackoverflow. So you won't be able to get all the information into the plain text, instead you'll have to somehow encode the proper font formatting to send along with the text. Presumably the 'font' method in RTF::Writer might help do the job. But other monks may have better ideas.

      I should mention that there is no need to rely on ".rtf" file. If there are any ways to generate the authorship list (including the superscrtipt comma) and could let me copy the context to microsoft word (.doc) file, it would be fine... Whatever format the output is... Thanks.

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