in reply to
Re^4: [Perl-CGI] Print non-interpolated string
in thread [Perl-CGI] Print non-interpolated string
CGI has two operating modes: OO and procedural. You have to import the procedural portions to get that syntax.
Also, it's not Perl that's evaluating your code as to Perl it's just text data until you use something like eval $text. Your browser, on the other hand, feels free to interpret HTML as HTML in an HTML document type. Look into both escaping characters (as you have done), and into additional issues like HTML entities in general and <pre></pre> tags. While you're at it, look into SQL injection and XSS.