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Am I javascript or not?

by boo_radley (Parson)
on Mar 30, 2002 at 18:09 UTC ( #155451=CUFP: print w/ replies, xml ) Need Help??

This script demonstrates a use of HTML::Parser to determine if a web page contains a script tag, or if an html tag contains an event attribute.

I realize that this script takes what I'd call an exclusive method of approval (does the page contain something on a banned list?) rather than an inclusive method (does the page contain something not on an approved list) and is therefore more vulnerable to trickery or changes/ additions to what browsers think is an acceptable javascript event.
I hope this script is useful, but you've been warned. As always, your comments, criticisms and baseless accusations are welcome.

Update Removed the event list and added dws' suggestion for a regex to search for /on\w+/
Added belg4mit's suggestions :

  1. elements passed to check_attrs will get URI decoded
  2. added mocha & data as forbidden protocols. If anyone has further suggestions, or a list of pseudo-protocols that should be included, I'd love to see it.
  3. added check for javascript entities
script doesn't die on first error found anymore. Cleaned up output a bit.
#! perl -w use HTML::Parser; use LWP::Simple; use URI::Escape; use strict; my $fn = shift; $fn || die "supply a url to parse\n"; my $f = get ($fn) || die "unable to get $fn\n"; HTML::Parser->new( default_h => [\&check_attrs, 'text, tagname, attr'], + )->parse($f ) || die $!; sub check_attrs { my @forbiddenprotos= qw(javascript mocha data); my $line = shift; my $tagname = shift; return unless $tagname; $tagname = uri_unescape($tagname); print "found script tag.\n\t$line\n" if $tagname eq "script"; my $attr = shift; my $attrs = uri_unescape(join " ", keys %$attr); my $attrvals = uri_unescape(join " ", values %$attr); print "events $1 found.\n\t$line\n" if $attrs=~/\b(on\w+)/; foreach (@forbiddenprotos) { print "$_ protocol found.\n\t$line\n" if $attrvals=~/\b$_:/; } print "javascript entity found.\n\t$line\n" if $attrvals=~/\&\{/; }

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(~OT) WARNING: Live Ammo WAS: Re: Am I javascript or not?
by belg4mit (Prior) on Mar 30, 2002 at 19:48 UTC
    If you haven't gotten it yet, there's wild javascript in there (it's all tame though), read the source Luke. From what I've been saving on my pad.
Re: Am I javascript or not?
by dws (Chancellor) on Mar 30, 2002 at 18:16 UTC
    If you want to make this run a bit faster, and aren't worried about false positives on fringe cases (such as people adding non-standard attributes), you can simplify the test to
    my $attr = shift; my @found = { grep /^on[A-Z]/ } keys %$attr;
    This also "future proofs" the code against the possiblity of someone's browser adding yet another new event.

    Update: D'oh. Make that   my @found = { grep /^on/ } keys %$attr;
    since the attributes all come back lower-case.

      dws says :
      my $attr = shift; my @found = { grep /^on[A-Z]/ } keys %$attr;
      I thought about doing this, but I wanted to stick to known events. If that's not a concern, then your grep is acceptable as well.
      I originally started out with an inclusive checker, but the performance was pretty awful as I was checking that each tag had acceptable attributes. (An alt attribute is ok for an img tag, but not a p tag, fr instance).
      Another potential speed boost (on closer examination) would come from making all @events lowercase, and getting rid of the i switch in the current grep, as HTML::Parser passes parameters to its handlers in all lowercase.

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