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reading data ...

by Anonymous Monk
on Dec 18, 2002 at 03:52 UTC ( #220757=perlquestion: print w/ replies, xml ) Need Help??
Anonymous Monk has asked for the wisdom of the Perl Monks concerning the following question:

I would like to read data into an array from a text file ( data.txt ). What does the @data actualy contain in the example below ( ref's to anonymous arrays ) ?

Once I read in the 3 lines, how do I push them onto @data correctly ?

data.txt contains 3 lines : "Jan","Feb","Mar","Apr","May","June","July","Aug","Sep","Oct","Nov","Dec"
3,5,7,2,4,9,6,3,6,1
8,4,1,8,9,3,5,1,3,8

use GD::Graph::lines; use GD::Graph::Map; print STDERR "Processing sample 5-1\n"; open IN, "<data.txt"; @mydata = <IN>; close IN; # # I would like to read the 3 lines in the data.txt file into data arra +y below. # The same data would be in the text file as in the data array below. # @data = ( ["Jan","Feb","Mar","Apr","May","June","July","Aug","Sep", +"Oct","Nov","Dec"], [ (3,5,7,2,4,9,6,3,6,1) ], [ (3,5,7,6,4,9,6,3,9,1) ] ); $my_graph = new GD::Graph::lines(); $my_graph->set( x_label => 'Month', y_label => 'Measure of success', title => 'A Simple Line Graph', y_max_value => 10, y_min_value => 0, y_tick_number => 10, y_label_skip => 1, box_axis => 0, line_width => 5, ); open PNG, ">sample51.png"; binmode PNG; #only for Windows like platforms print PNG $my_graph->plot(\@data)->png; close PNG; $map = new GD::Graph::Map($my_graph, info => '%l'); open HTML, ">sample51.html"; print HTML "<HTML><BODY BGCOLOR=white>\n". ($map->imagemap("sample51.png", $ref)). "</BODY></HTML>"; close HTML; __END__
Thx
Ginder Singh.

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Re: reading data ...
by BrowserUk (Pope) on Dec 18, 2002 at 04:17 UTC

    Try this

    #! perl -slw use strict; use Data::Dumper; my @data = ( [ split ',', <DATA>], [ split ',', <DATA> ], [ split ',', + <DATA> ] ); print Dumper \@data; __DATA__ "Jan","Feb","Mar","Apr","May","June","July","Aug","Sep","Oct","Nov"," +Dec" 3,5,7,2,4,9,6,3,6,1 8,4,1,8,9,3,5,1,3,8

    Examine what is said, not who speaks.

      Or even just
      my @data = map { chomp; [ split ',' ] } <DATA>;
      However, that makes the month names end up with the quote marks still on them. We can add a step to strip those off:
      my @data = map { chomp; [ map { /"(.*)"/ ? $1 : $_ } split ',' ] } + <DATA>;

      jdporter
      ...porque es dificil estar guapo y blanco.

        *scratches head* That's a little obfu. Could you break down what it does in steps? This looks interesting.

        For Ionizer, to "un"obfuscate this a little, here's a step by step approach that basically does the same thing in a different way:
        my @data = (); while (<DATA>) { # read one line chomp; # remove end-of-line character(s) s/\"//g; # remove double quotes if present push @data, [ $_ ]; # Create an anonymous array # *reference* with the current # line, and push that reference # onto the @data array. }
        I was trying to explain the obfuscated statement made by jdporter, but it was too involved.

        HTH.

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