in reply to undefs and functions
I dont think there is an 'elegant' way to test each
hash key in a nested hash. You could always come
up with some funky loop and run exists on for each level. (my opinion
would be that Russ's code is not 'elegant', however it is a solution, but
there are probably dozens of solutions.)
Given that, why do you even want to test each key value?
Perl should not really care if it exists or not. Are you trying
to prevent warnings that might be occuring, or do you not want
the hash keys to be autovivified? The answer to this might
help guide us in the right direction. But if you dont care
about autovivification or 'Use of uninitialized value in ...'
warnings I would say to not worry about the tests. They will only
slow things down.