In chatterbox, I (belatedly) noticed Adam wonder why his code failed for
round(4.35,0.1). I think the reason helps to illustrate
why I didn't worry about rounding to the nearest even. I can sum up
the situation pretty easily with this:
% perl le "print 4.35*100435"
5.6843418860808e014
A floating point number can never be exactly 0.05. Floating point
numbers are represented in binary and have a limited number of bits.
0.05 in binary requires an infinite number of bits (forming a repeating
pattern, similar to how 1/7 is 0.142857142857... in decimal). So
the extra code to round to the nearest even will probably never trigger
when rounding to 1 or more places after the decimal point (I say
"probably" because I don't claim to be able to predict the interactions
of limited floating point precision on the calculations being done
and it is possible that things would cancel out and trigger the
extra code, perhaps in cases where it really shouldn't have).
Okay, here is my version of Adam's code:
sub round {
my( $num, $prec )= @_;
$num= int( my $frac= $num/$prec + 0.5  ($num<0) );
$num = ($num<=>0) if $num == $frac && $num % 2;
return $num*$prec;
}

tye
(but my friends call me "Tye") 