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How to wrap text to a maximum width of 70 characters per line?

( #37337=categorized question: print w/ replies, xml ) Need Help??
Contributed by anthonysj on Oct 18, 2000 at 19:23 UTC
Q&A  > data formatting


Description:

I'm reading text from a file where each paragraph is stored as a single line. Some of the these lines are quite long. How can I print the text so that it wraps each paragraph to lines that are no more than 70 characters long?

Answer: How to wrap text to a maximum width of 70 characters per line?
contributed by cwest

Text::Wrap does this.

use Text::Wrap; $Text::Wrap::columns = 70; print Text::Wrap::fill( '', '', join '', <DATA> ); __DATA__ This is a huge paragraph that no doubt spans quite a number of columns +. My guess is that it may even span past 70 Columns, so we'll use the + nifty Text::Wrap module to limit the number of columns that this par +agraph can take up to 70.
Answer: How to wrap text to a maximum width of 70 characters per line?
contributed by japhy

You can use formats:

format = ^<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< ~~ $string . $string = get_some_really_long_string(); write;

See perldoc perlform.

Answer: How to wrap text to a maximum width of 70 characters per line?
contributed by cLive ;-)

(Assuming you don't want paragraphs to wrap in the middle of words.)

Here's a nice little regex solution:

$paragraph =~ s/([^\n]{0,70})(?:\b\s*|\n)/$1\n/gi;
Or genericized to any width, determined by a variable:
my $max_width = 40; $paragraph =~ s/([^\n]{0,$max_width})(?:\b\s*|\n)/$1\n/gio;

Smart Substrings has some interesting insight. Combining that with the solution above:

$paragraph =~ s/([^\n]{50,70})(?:\b\s*|\n)/$1\n/gi; while ( $paragraph =~ m/([^\n]{71})/ ) { $paragraph =~ s/([^\n]{70})([^\n])/$1\n$2/g; }

In other words, split lines which are more than 70 chars long and include no spaces. (Not sure the loop is necessary...)

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