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Re: Generate Random IP Addresses

by hardburn (Abbot)
on Sep 07, 2004 at 13:30 UTC ( #389030=note: print w/ replies, xml ) Need Help??


in reply to Generate Random IP Addresses

IP addresses are just 32-bit numbers. If you just need any random address, then:

my $addr = int rand 2**32; # Perhaps some code for formatting the address into # dotted-quad form

If you need to make sure the address has certain properties (like "class-B, private address space"), then your task is harder. I'm not sure if there is a module available. It's not that common of a task.

"There is no shame in being self-taught, only in not trying to learn in the first place." -- Atrus, Myst: The Book of D'ni.


Comment on Re: Generate Random IP Addresses
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Re^2: Generate Random IP Addresses
by fizbin (Chaplain) on Sep 07, 2004 at 14:03 UTC
    If you need to make sure the address has certain properties (like "class-B, private address space"), then your task is harder.
    But not really by much. Any common address space allocation can be described by a netmask and a sample address. So, then, you just do this:
    # for 192.168.*.* my @netmask_a = qw ( 255 255 0 0 ); my @sample_a = qw ( 192 168 0 0 ); my $netmask = unpack("N", pack("C*", @netmask_a)); my $sample = unpack("N", pack("C*", @sample_a)); my $addr = int rand(2**32); $addr &= ~ $netmask; $addr ^= $sample; # Dotted quad form: my $dottedaddr = join(".", unpack("C*", pack("N", $addr)));
    If you wanted to be a bit more efficient, you might adjust the "32" in the rand line based on how many bits of randomness you actually need, but I'm not actually sure that buys you anything, and it hurts maintainability when you forget to switch it back when you're looking through a larger address range. If you're really hurting for efficiency, and have this in a tight loop, compute $netmask and $sample from the arrays outside the tight loop, and pass both in, as in:
    sub rand_addr ($$) { my ($netmask, $code) = @_; my $addr = int rand(2**32); $addr &= ~ $netmask; $addr ^= $sample; $addr; } # for 192.168.*.* my @netmask_a = qw ( 255 255 0 0 ); my @sample_a = qw ( 192 168 0 0 ); my $netmask = unpack("N", pack("C*", @netmask_a)); my $sample = unpack("N", pack("C*", @sample_a)); my @newaddrlist = map { join(".", unpack("C*", pack("N",$_))) } map { rand_addr($netmask,$sample); } ( 1 .. 5678 );
    but for anything other than intrusion test systems, I can't imagine why efficiency would be important.

    Note that none of this code has been tested, but it all looks vaguely right.

    -- @/=map{[/./g]}qw/.h_nJ Xapou cets krht ele_ r_ra/; map{y/X_/\n /;print}map{pop@$_}@/for@/
      For those stumbling across this post in the future, I wanted to add a comment that I don't believe generating a random 32-bit number is the proper way to generate a random ip address. As illustrated in some of the other posts, you need to generate a random number for each octect. This is not blatantly obvious and was a minor stumbling block while trying to figure out how to use that code.
      OK wait, I m a just a beginner at this, so i have one question: WHERE DO YOU TYPE ALL OF THIS ?! please send me an email as-soon-as possible, I'll really appreciate it, Thanks. email: signups1981@yahoo.com

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