in reply to
The Bad, the Ugly, and the Good of autovivification
It's a bit unfair to blame autovivification for your typo. Even without the typo, the value of $exists is possibly wrong. And a good test suite would have tested for this - it would have run a text which would set $exists to a true value. And then fail because that didn't happen.
But the problem is deeper. The problem is using string literals as hash keys, because that more or less turns hash elements into variables - with all the drawbacks of package variables, and then some. If you want a variable, use a (preferably) lexical variable. Don't fall for the sweet lures of "oh, just stuff it into a hash" - it's worse than turning off strict. If you do need to populate a hash, put the index into a constant (with Readonly) or a variable.
Remember the old rule "never put magic numbers inside your program - use constants". But that applies to strings as well. Don't use string literals - use constants. And don't blame autovivification if you do use string literals and burn yourself.