in reply to MoorePenrose PseudoInverse Matrix
My recollection (which may be in error) is that the MoorePenrose inverse of A is: (A^tA)^{1}A^t which exists
if A^tA is invertible (i.e. if the columns of A are independent.) (I'm using ^ to indicate exponenents as in TeX
source.) A^tA is square, and there are many existing routines
to invert a square matrix  I'm sure there are some Perl modules that do this, although you could write your own as an exercise. You indicate above that A and the MP inverse are
symmetric, but I don't believe this is correct. The point of the MP inverse is that it can be applied to nonsquare matrices.
chas
(Update: BTW, if you have a system of equations Ax=b
then x=(A^tA)^{1}A^tb is the usual "least squares"
solution, i.e. the x for which Ax is closest to b.)
