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Re: $array[ 'Infinity' ]

by Sixtease (Friar)
on Dec 16, 2007 at 23:28 UTC ( #657342=note: print w/ replies, xml ) Need Help??


in reply to $array[ 'Infinity' ]

No, this is not caused by numerical equivalence to zero. Nor is it caused by Infinity/inf differences:

@a = (5 .. 10); print $a['inf'], "\n", $a[-inf], "\n", -inf==0 ? "-inf is zero\n" : "-inf isn't zero\n", 'inf'==0 ? "inf is zero\n" : "inf isn't zero\n"; # still outputs 10 and 5 and states that the infinities aren't zeroes

perl --version says "This is perl, v5.8.8 built for x86_64-linux-thread-multi"

Update: The weird thing is that indexing by -inf gives the first element and indexing by inf gives the last one. That's not what I'd expect.

use strict; use warnings; print "Just Another Perl Hacker\n";


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Re^2: $array[ 'Infinity' ]
by almut (Canon) on Dec 16, 2007 at 23:52 UTC

    Interesting.  I can confirm your results for "v5.8.8 built for x86_64-linux-thread-multi".  For "v5.8.8 built for i486-linux-gnu-thread-multi", however, I'm just getting 10 for 'Infinity' (or inf) and nothing (undef) for -Infinity (or -inf).

Re^2: $array[ 'Infinity' ]
by quester (Vicar) on Dec 17, 2007 at 00:25 UTC
    Using perl -MO=Deparse may shed some light on some of this weirdness, although I have no idea why on Earth anyone would implement 'inf' the way it works on my box.
    perl -MO=Deparse -e 'print $n[inf]'
    prints
    print $n[9**9**9];
    as does
    perl -MO=Deparse -e 'print $n["inf"]'

     

    On the other hand,

    perl -MO=Deparse -e 'print $n[-inf]'
    prints
    print $n[-'inf'];

     

    perl -MO=Deparse -e 'print "", inf==0 ? "a" : "b", 'inf'==0 ? "c" : "d +", -inf==0 ? "e" : "f"'
    prints
    print '', 'inf' == 0 ? 'a' : 'b', 'inf' == 0 ? 'c' : 'd', -'inf' == 0 +? 'e' : 'f';

    As nearly as I can tell at the moment, inf is only equivalent 9**9**9 if it is used by itself as a subscript; it is taken as a bareword in a simple assignment, so

    perl -MO=Deparse -e '$n[inf], $n[1+inf], $n[-inf] = inf'
    prints
    $n[9**9**9], $n[1 + 'inf'], $n[-'inf'] = 'inf';

     

    My perl -v shows,

    This is perl, v5.8.8 built for i486-linux-gnu-thread-multi

     

    Does anyone know why? - quester

      That is terrifyingly weird. But the 9**9**9 is just an artifact of B::Deparse, as can be seen here. I'm not sure why it does that.

      Then again, it makes a kind of twisted sense that $a[inf] means "last element of @a", and (completely by accident) $a[-inf] means "last element counting from the end."

      Oddly (or maybe not so oddly) I get different output on a w2k box from the first cited by quester:
      perl -MO=Deparse -e "print $n[inf]" print $n[0]; -e syntax OK
      from...
      perl -v This is perl, v5.8.8 built for MSWin32-x86-multi-thread (with 33 registered patches, see perl -V for more detail) ... Binary build 819 [267479] provided by ActiveState http://www.ActiveSta +te.com Built Aug 29 2006 12:42:41
        It's been established that ActiveState's build doesn't support infinity.

      As to the "why", X = 9**9**9 == 9**(9**9) = 9**387420489. Nine to that power is a number aproximately 1.2 billion bits long. (log(9)/log(2) * (9**9)). So, for all intents and purposes, it's infinity. Since it's odd, -X will be negative infinity So, it avoids the (possible?) non-portability of a raw 'inf' or '-inf'.

      Update: Duh, Ben. Re: strikeout. Plus it's specifically negated. I was thinking (-9)**9**9)

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