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Re^3: closure clarity, please

by vitoco (Friar)
on Nov 24, 2009 at 20:16 UTC ( #809196=note: print w/ replies, xml ) Need Help??


in reply to Re^2: closure clarity, please
in thread closure clarity, please

You have no choice. Named subroutines are always global. You're lying to yourself when you said "local f".

You are right. I meant "define all subroutines at the same global level."

Why do you think that creating a variable somewhere should replace a variable in some unrelated sub?

It is not clear to me when a lexical variable is used and when is lost during the program execution, as in my last example, where I'd expect an uninitialized $a in all "local f"'s messages.


Comment on Re^3: closure clarity, please
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Re^4: closure clarity, please
by ikegami (Pope) on Nov 24, 2009 at 20:52 UTC
    Ok, I can understand that confusion. Lexicals are actually allocated very early on (compile-time?) and on scope exit. This allows for the creation of private variables:
    package Foo; my $x; sub set_x { validate($_[0]); $x = $_[0]; } sub get_x { die("uninitialized") if !defined($x); $x } 1;
    or
    { my $x; sub set_x { validate($_[0]); $x = $_[0]; } sub get_x { die("uninitialized") if !defined($x); $x } }
      Lexicals are actually allocated very early on (compile-time?)
      I think that it must be true that lexicals are allocated at compile time—at least, if my timeline in Re^4: closure clarity, please is anything near the correct one. I can't see any other reason why the call to f on line 27 of Re^3: closure clarity, please (which I called step 9) would be affected by the call to g on line 23 (which I called step 7). (In fact, I thought that I stole this observation from a post of yours that I read long ago ….)
        The alternative is that they could be vivified by the capture.

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