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why not replacing both lines

If you look carefully at the first line, you'll see that in addition to pushing 0 if the first bit(byte!) is set, it also removes the first byte.

Which means that the second line operates on the string with the first byte removed.

That's because the value pos returns is the position after where the last match occurred, so by removing the first byte the positions come out correctly.

Of course, they could have just subtracted 1 from pos, then: a) that first line; b) two visits to the regex engine; and c) modifying the string; become unnecessary.

But then, if you use the tool perl provides for the job, you not only avoid the regex engine, but also the need to unpack the vector to a string of 1s & 0s:

print grep vec( pack('V',1431655765), $_, 1), 0 .. 31;; 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 print grep vec( ~pack('V',1431655765), $_, 1), 0 .. 31;; 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31

A very curious FAQ answer.


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In reply to Re^3: Confusion about code sample in perlfaq4 by BrowserUk
in thread Confusion about code sample in perlfaq4 by vr

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