fun(-url => $httpRefer ); is not a “hash assignment.” The => symbol in this case is equivalent to a comma. Subroutine fun is being called with an argument-list containing two arguments: -url, and the value of $httpRefer.
Some subroutines are written to recognize and to assign particular meanings to parameters which begin with a dash, e.g. to disambiguate user-chosen arbitrary strings which otherwise might match “real” parameters for the function. (I, the author, decree that ... “Anything beginning with a dash is a literal.”) But, that is up to their authors, not Perl itself.
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