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Actually, I would be a little surprised to find a BOM in combination with UTF-8 (as the encoding is just a sequence of bytes). Normally, you'd find BOMs with the "ucs-2" encodings, as used by Windows in many places. With those, we have a 16-bit value per char, and thus the internal byte ordering matters.

Anyway, what you could try is something like this (not sure if this is the most elegant way, but it should work...   Update: it isn't :) - apparently there's File::BOM)

sub openfile_unicode { my $filename = shift; open my $fh, "<:raw", $filename or die "Cannot open $filename: $!\ +n"; my $bom; read $fh, $bom, 2; if ($bom eq "\xff\xfe" || $bom eq "\xfe\xff") { # BOM present? # if so, determine if little- or big-endian my $encoding = "ucs-2" . ($bom eq "\xff\xfe" ? "le":"be"); binmode $fh, ":encoding($encoding)"; } else { # otherwise assume UTF-8 # reopen file close $fh; $fh = undef; open $fh, "<:encoding(utf8)", $filename or die "Cannot open $f +ilename: $!\n"; } return $fh; } my $fh = openfile_unicode("somefile"); while (my $line = <$fh>) { # ... }

In reply to Re: UTF-8 text files with Byte Order Mark by almut
in thread UTF-8 text files with Byte Order Mark by muba

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    [1nickt]: my $x = $aohoaoh->[0]->{' foo'}->[0]->{'bar' }; should work
    [thepkd]: not indexing
    [thepkd]: getting data out of the ds
    [choroba]: it depends. Give more details, please
    [thepkd]: i used a series of {}'s but it dont work
    [choroba]: You need square brackets for arrays
    [GotToBTru]: you can certainly construct a single expression to access any part of the data structure, without using temp variables. but you might make it easier on yourself and any other poor soul who has to understand your code if you do
    [thepkd]: to dereference i mean
    LanX .oO( oh tempz, oh moretz)
    [thepkd]: @GotToBTru Sure. But.

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