|Do you know where your variables are?|
kimmel's scratchpadby kimmel (Beadle)
|on Jun 19, 2011 at 18:12 UTC||Need Help??|
working title: Debugging: Inspecting a variable as the value changes
This is a simple tutorial on how to find out when a variable's value changes without needing prior knowledge of the codebase.It is common practice when writing/debugging/refactoring/messing around with a program that you want to know when a certain variable is set or its value changes. For example I was looking at this piece code
and I realized it was never getting executed. I could have just sprinkled in some print $show_banner; statements but this code was written by another programmer so I am not familiar with its structure and flow so I would waste time learning the code to know the best places to put a print statement.
There has to be a faster way to track this variable and I know this is a pretty common problem. So what is the Perl answer you ask? CPAN. There I found the Tie::Trace module.
Tie::Trace allows you to watch a variable and every time the value changes you get a debug message. Here is how I added it to my existing program.
Then I ran my application and got the following output.
From there I ran the test suite to see if $show_banner changed due to any edge cases. Each test in the test suite produced the same above output.
Now I knew where the value was being changed. From there it was a simple change to an if statement and a rerun of the application test suite to verify no regressions were introduced.
The watch function provided by Tie::Trace does all the heavy lifting by issuing print Dumper statements on the variable as it changes. This is an invaluable tool for following value changes of variables as a program executes.