in reply to Using variables with tr///

Also from perlop:
Note that because the transliteration table is built at compile time, neither the SEARCHLIST nor the REPLACEMENTLIST are subjected to double quote interpolation. That means that if you want to use variables, you must use an eval(): eval "tr/$oldlist/$newlist/"; die $@ if $@; eval "tr/$oldlist/$newlist/, 1" or die $@;