Re: Regular expressions: interpolate the variable in the value of the number of repetitions for the group

by rjt (Deacon)
 on Aug 03, 2013 at 01:40 UTC ( #1047671=note: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??

The problem you want to solve is certainly solvable. However, the approach you want to take is going to be very ugly, if it's even possible at all. Here's what I would do instead:

s/(\d)//; say for (split /\n/)[0..\$1-1];

However, you haven't mentioned what context this is in, and the data does seem highly contrived. What problem are you really trying to solve?

If you need to match an expression like this several times in a larger chunk of text, you'll need to split that text somehow, but you haven't given enough information for me to help you, there. (For example, split /(\d)/ first would give you an array of digits and strings to loop over.)

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Re^2: Regular expressions: interpolate the variable in the value of the number of repetitions for the group
by 0day (Sexton) on Aug 03, 2013 at 05:47 UTC
Heh... Thanks, but I want to do it the forces of the regular
expression (without external code).

Problem has practical examples (which are easily solved by
external code), but I want to do it other way.

Thanks.
Heh... Thanks, but I want to do it the forces of the regular expression (without external code).

The really funny thing is, all of the broken examples you cite as somehow desirable in the root node execute "external code" (which I take to mean non-regex Perl code), via the experimental features (?{ ... }) and (??{ ... }):

0day's code:

\$binary_data =~ /(.)(.){(?{unpack 'H*', \$1})}/; # ? /(.)(?{unpack 'H*', \$1})(.){\$^R}/; # ??? /(.)((??{'.' x \$1}))/; /(\d)((??{'.*?\n' x \$1}))/;

how to assign a value aaaa\n of \$3, bbbb\n -> \$4 etc ?

Short answer: you can't, unless you're OK with this:

/(\d) ([^\d]+?\n)? ([^\d]+?\n)? ([^\d]+?\n)? ([^\d]+?\n)? ([^\d]+?\n)? ([^\d]+?\n)? ([^\d]+?\n)? ([^\d]+?\n)? ([^\d]+?\n)? /x; printf "%d: <%s>\n", \$_, eval '\$'.\$_ for 2..\$1+1;

But, no doubt you already thought of that. I want to help you, and to do that, I need a complete description of the actual problem you're trying to solve that you need our help with, as well as some real examples of input and expected output.

I do not know whether the solution proposed by rjt solves your problem, because you haven't decribed your problem and your data in sufficient details, but rjt's solution does not use any external code, but just Perl core functions and operators. And, BTW, the split function uses regular expressions.

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