http://www.perlmonks.org?node_id=1078546


in reply to Given When Syntax

this thread is bloated b/c you didn't make clear what your real problem is and where your priorities are.

if its only about translating a number, than using a hash is by far the best solution

use strict; use warnings; my %trans = (1 => "One", 2 => "Two", 3 => "Three"); my $var = '2.123.45.6'; if ( $var =~ /^(\d)\./ ) { print "$var starts with $trans{$1}"; } else { print "$var malformed"; }

Now since this became a general discussion of "switch", for completeness TIMTOWTDI:

use strict; use warnings; my $i; for my $case (1..4) { eval { goto "_$case" } or $i = "Other"; next; _1: $i = "One" ; next; _2: $i = "Two" ; next; _3: $i = "Three"; next; } continue { print "$case is $i\n"; }

Hashes with dispatch tables (slow sub calls) and if-elsif-chains (slow linear testing) shouldn't be as fast as this approach.

Cheers Rolf

( addicted to the Perl Programming Language)

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Re^2: Given When Syntax
by Laurent_R (Canon) on Mar 16, 2014 at 22:58 UTC

    Hashes with dispatch tables (slow sub calls) and if-elsif-chains (slow linear testing) shouldn't be as fast as this approach.

    Dear Rolf, I know that you are interested in functional programming possibilities in Perl, so please stop taking for granted what HOP opponents are hammering constantly. Subroutine calls of course add some time penalty, but not as much as many people think or say. In fact, as soon as the routine is really doing something, the sub call penalty becomes almost anecdotal or even almost negligible compared to the rest or the processing. In the benchmark below, the dispatch table ranks second best, immediately after direct array search, although it does really nothing more than returning a value.
    use strict; use warnings; use Benchmark qw/cmpthese/; my @translation = qw / Zero One Two Three/; my %trans = (1 => "One", 2 => "Two", 3 => "Three"); my @dispatch = ( sub {return "Zero"}, sub {return "One"}, sub {return +"Two"}, sub {return "Three"} ); sub test1 { my $var2 = shift; return ("One") if ($var2 =~ /^1/ ); return ("Two") if ($var2 =~ /^2/ ); return ("Three") if ($var2 =~ /^3/ ); return undef; } sub test2 { my $var2 = substr shift, 0, 1; return ("One") if ($var2 == 1 ); return ("Two") if ($var2 == 2 ); return ("Three") if ($var2 == 3 ); return undef; } sub test3 { return $translation[(substr shift, 0, 1)]; } sub test4 { my $var = shift; return $trans{$1} if $var =~ /^(\d)\./ ; } sub test5 { my $var = substr shift, 0, 1; eval { goto "_$var" } or return "Other"; _1: return "One" ; _2: return "Two" ; _3: return "Three"; } sub test6 { return $dispatch[(substr shift, 0, 1)]->(); } cmpthese( -1, { _linear_1 => q {test1("2.01.000")}, _linear_2 => q {test2("2.01.000")}, _array => q {test3("2.01.000")}, _hash_regex => q {test4("2.01.000")}, _goto => q {test5("2.01.000")}, _dispatch => q {test6("2.01.000")}, } )
    And the results:
    $ perl test_if.pl Rate _hash_regex _goto linear_1 linear_2 _dispatc +h _array _hash_regex 831494/s -- -29% -46% -52% -54 +% -70% _goto 1173439/s 41% -- -24% -32% -36 +% -57% _linear_1 1538868/s 85% 31% -- -10% -1 +6% -44% _linear_2 1714704/s 106% 46% 11% -- - +6% -37% _dispatch 1827212/s 120% 56% 19% 7% - +- -33% _array 2735932/s 229% 133% 78% 60% 50 +% --
    The dispatch table approach, with its sub call penalty, is 33% slower than the direct array access, but still quicker than any of the other tested approaches.
      Dear Laurent,

      Thanks for providing timings, I appreciate this!

      I said "should" because I was too busy to measure it myself.

      But maybe someone has the time to do these benchmarks properly? :)

      Cheers Rolf

      ( addicted to the Perl Programming Language)

        Hi Rolf, there may be some errors in the benchmark, but then you should say what is wrong, rather than just implying it was not done properly.