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case escape characters

by vladb (Vicar)
on Mar 02, 2002 at 03:04 UTC ( #148757=perlquestion: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??

vladb has asked for the wisdom of the Perl Monks concerning the following question:

Good day, monks.. I'm working on a small parser and in this script I require a function that would be able to return a special 'escape' (excuse me for poor jargon) character (such as'\U' etc) based on the case of a string passed to the sub as the first parameter. So, if my string is in uppercase, the subroutine should return '\U', it should return '\L' otherwise. For example,
my $esc_char = get_escape_case("S");
would return '\U' escape character. I may then use it (or so I hope to) to format any other string (either uppercase or lowercase it) by simply prepending the escape character in an expression like this:
my $case_formatted_string = $esc_char ."FoobAr";
In this example (where $esc_char is '\U') $case_formatted_string should become 'FOOBAR' (since "S" is in uppercase).

The only problem that I'm facing now is how do I actually apply this escape character to a string? I've tried one obvious way in a sample code below but it didn't work:
use strict; # determine case of a character # and return appropriate 'control' code. sub get_escape_case { my ($char) = @_; if ($char eq "\U$char") { return '\U'; } else { return '\L'; } } # this wouldn't work... print get_escape_case("S")."stuff\n"; # while this works.. print "\Ustuff\n";
I guess I might have to use a special 'code' for the escape character? Could anyone lead me in the right path? Thank you. ;-)

"There is no system but GNU, and Linux is one of its kernels." -- Confession of Faith

Replies are listed 'Best First'.
Re: case escape characters
by I0 (Priest) on Mar 02, 2002 at 05:13 UTC
    print &{sub{local($c,$_)=@_;$c x=length;$c^lc$c^lc}}("S","stuff");
      Nice! Very nice! I had to look twice (hell, five times) at x=length. I am still trying to understand $c^lc$c^lc:
      my $c = 'a'; my $d = 'A'; $_ = 'stuff'; print $c^lc$c^lc; print $d^lc$d^lc;
      More importantly, i am trying to understand how one would even COME UP with that! :D

      jeffa most humbly bows

Re: case escape characters
by synapse0 (Pilgrim) on Mar 02, 2002 at 03:40 UTC
    Wow.. it took me a bit to decipher what you are trying to do. I can say pretty much off the bat that you are going to want to do some overhauling on how you're thinking this snippet through. You're trying to replace a character with something new (in this case you're adding an escaped character).. how do we perl-ites usually do that? uh-huh.. you guessed it s/// (or tr///, but that's not as appropriate here). You'll prolly want to throw the entire string at your sub and return it's modified form.. something like
    $string = adjust_case('s', "stuff\n"); print $string; # which would print Stuff with a newline

    Prolly not exactly what you're lookin for, but hopefully will allow you to see your objective a little differently.


    Sleep Deprived
      Thanks for help ;-)

      I've actually made it work by taking a slightly different approach. The rewrote the to_case() sub to return a reference to appropriate case subroutine (lc(), or uc() ...)
      use strict; sub to_case { my ($char) = @_; if ($char eq "\U$char") { return sub {uc(shift)}; } else { return sub {lc(shift)}; } } print to_case("FOO")->("bAr") ."\n"; print to_case("foo")->("BaR") ."\n";
      Here's the output produced by the script:
      BAR bar
      Sometimes, asking questions helps to come come up with an answer (eventually ;-). I'd appreciate it if you could show me another approach to solving my 'problem'. I'm not sure if returning sub references is a good thing?

      Of course, I realize that my 'solution' presented here is way worse than what you've suggested since I might as well just pass that string which I want to modify (it's case) to the sub and simply return it's modified version in the end. However, in my script I might need to format a number of separate strings to matching case, and most of those strings may not be 'known' at the time i first invoke the to_case() sub (say, i may call it once and store sub reference for later use...).

      "There is no system but GNU, and Linux is one of its kernels." -- Confession of Faith

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