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by vaevictus (Pilgrim)
on Sep 13, 2000 at 21:25 UTC ( #32298=modulereview: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??

Item Description: provides simple OO interface to the File Transfer Protocol

Review Synopsis: basic and useful, a must have.



Net::FTP, part of the Libnet install, implements RFC959, the FTP protocol.

Who should use it?

  • Anyone wishing to transfer files to an FTP server
  • Anyone wishing to transfer data from STDIN to an FTP server
  • New Perl Scripters who need to practice with OO interfaces

What are the drawbacks or problems?

  • It does not allow you to upload scalar data as a file
  • It does not allow you to use streams other than STDIN


#!/usr/bin/perl -w use Net::FTP; my $destserv=""; my $destuser="root"; my $destpass="joph"; my $file="yourmom.jpg"; $ftp = Net::FTP->new($destserv) or die "error connecting\n"; $ftp->login($destuser,$destpass); $ftp->binary(); $ftp->get($file) or die "error downloading\n"; $ftp->quit();

Replies are listed 'Best First'.
Net::FTP Error Handling
by grantm (Parson) on Jul 16, 2002 at 09:34 UTC

    When a Net::FTP operation fails, you really want to get the error details so you know what failed. It always takes me a while to find the details in the Net::FTP docs so I thought I'd post here:

    Initial Connection: the connection is established when you create the object. If the connect fails, new() will return undef and the error message will be in $@:

    my $ftp = Net::FTP->new($destserv) || die "Connect to $destserv failed: $@";

    Commands: if a command fails, the method return value will be undef. The error message can be accessed using the 'message()' method. If you're checking for a particular message, you might be better off using the 'code()' method to get the three digit FTP protocol status code which preceded the message:

    $ftp->get($file) || die "get($file) failed: " . $ftp->code() . ": " . $ftp->message();
      When using this module. I cannot get the pwd command to work.

      I am connected to an ftp server and am trying to use $ftp->pwd() and I get nothing in return. Is this dumping to a default variable that I am missing or is this really a bug?


        If you are following the above code try something like :
        #!/usr/bin/perl use Net::FTP; my $destserv=""; my $destuser="username"; my $destpass="password"; $ftp = Net::FTP->new($destserv) or die "error connecting\n"; $ftp->login($destuser,$destpass); my $mypath = $ftp->pwd(); $ftp->quit(); print "FTP Path: $mypath";
        Keep in mind that this is untested, its late and I am seriously sleep deprived.
        Have you checked out the documentation? There is a link to examples you can also have a look at.

        Hope this helps

Re: Net::FTP
by ATaylor (Initiate) on May 04, 2001 at 21:22 UTC
    One can also use the command:
    $ftp->delete($file) or die "Error in delete\n";
    If you would like to delete the file from FTP server. Aaron Taylor
Re: Net::FTP
by mjolnir (Initiate) on Dec 29, 2002 at 00:22 UTC
    One FAQ I get a lot is how to make Net::FTP do mget/mput. I suggest the following:
    foreach my $file (@files) { # Or get... $ftp->put($file) or die "Error putting $file: ", $ftp->message; }
      Or, if you want to attempt to put/get all of your files - store the errors in a scalar or array and die/log them after looping through @files:
      my @errors = (); foreach my $file (@files) { # Or get... $ftp->put($file) or push (@errors, ("Error putting $file: " . $ftp +->message)); } die (join "\n", @errors);
        How do you define @files?
Re: Net::FTP
by Anonymous Monk on Feb 27, 2003 at 18:30 UTC
    I'm trying to do a GET on files that match a certain pattern. I don't see where the Net::FTP function support like 'mget' etc. I only see 'get'. Any ideas on how this could be implemented? Paul Menard

      You can implement mget by getting a list of files with 'ls', searching the files you want by passing the returned list through perl's 'grep' and performing a 'get' on the resulting list. Something like the following (untested):

      $ftp->get($_) for grep /\.txt$/, $ftp->ls;
      --- print map { my ($m)=1<<hex($_)&11?' ':''; $m.=substr('AHJPacehklnorstu',hex($_),1) } split //,'2fde0abe76c36c914586c';
Re: Net::FTP
by brycen (Monk) on May 02, 2006 at 03:29 UTC
    Is there any way to avoid a temporary file in the case where the perl script itself creates the data, e.g. something like:
    $ftp->login("perl",'monk'); $ftp->put("fh.txt", <FH>); print FH qq(a,b,c,d); $ftp->quit;
    And, if not, are there other perl ftp clients worth installing?

      DISCLAIMER: I haven't ever used Net::FTP.

      You can open scalars (v5.8.0 required) by passing a reference to that scalar to open:

      my $pseudo_file = "line1\nline2\n"; open my $rfd, '<', \$pseudo_file or die "open1: $!"; open my $wfd, '>', 'foo' or die "open2: $!"; print $wfd $_ while <$rfd>; ## or 'print $wfd (<$rfd>);' if file +isn't large close $wfd; close $rfd;

      So, according to the Net::FTP doc, I'd change your code to:

      open my $fh, '<', \$pseudo_file_already_generated or die "open: $!"; $ftp->login("perl",'monk') or die "blah"; $ftp->put($fh, 'fh.txt') or warn "blah"; $ftp->quit;

      Update: Better english.

      David Serrano


        I am trying to implement this $ftp->login.
        But if the login is unsuccessful, I am getting the following error message and program gets terminated.
        Uncaught exception from user code: Cannot login Login incorrect.

        Is there any way to catch / handle this unsuccessful login, so that the program can continue?
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