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To clarify (I hope) a few things about "use xxx;"
use xxx; #imports all of the symbols in @EXPORT use xxx (); #imports none of the symbols in @EXPORT #this empty list is the same as: (updated) #BEGIN { require Module } use xxx qw(OpenConnection $LoggedOn_user_id); # imports # all of the symbols in @EXPORT AND subroutine OpenConnection # AND the scalar $LoggedOn_user_id from @EXPORT_OK
Update: Another attempt at explaining "use".
Case 1: A plain use xxx; #imports all of the symbols in @EXPORT.

Case2: use xxx qw(OpenConnection $LoggedOn_user_id); #imports only the function OpenConnection and the scalar $LoggedOn_user_id. Once a list (the parens) after the "use" shows up, this has the effect of making @EXPORT the same as @EXPORT_OK. In other words, the symbols in @EXPORT are not imported by default and must be explicitly imported like the symbols in @EXPORT_OK. Any combination of symbols in @EXPORT or @EXPORT_OK can go in this list after the "use".

Case 3: (consequence of case 2), use xxx (); There is an empty list of stuff to import and nothing is imported - the automatic importing of the @EXPORT list is "Overridden".

When you import a symbol, you can use the "short" name, e.g. print $LoggedOn_user_id;. If we "used" the manageusers module, but did not import $LoggedOn_user_id, that variable can still be accessed with the fully qualified name, print $manageusers::LoggedOn_user_id; So if you use the fully qualified name, the variable or sub name does not need to be exported (provided that you have used the module to get it loaded). Only "our" variables can be exported or accessed from another module. A "my" lexical variable cannot be. "our" puts the symbol into the package's symbol table - that means among other things that the fully qualified name is going to work. Such an operation makes no sense for a lexical scope "my" variable.

File: manageusers.pm

#!/usr/bin/perl use warnings; use strict; package manageusers; BEGIN { use vars qw($VERSION @ISA @EXPORT); use DBI; # $ENV{DBI_TRACE}=1; # $ENV{PERL_DBI_DEBUG}=1; require Exporter; @ISA = qw(Exporter); # exported functions our @EXPORT_OK = qw( $attempts $adminaccess $LoggedOn_user_id Now CheckValidLoginChar CheckValidEmailChar print_md5_javascript); $VERSION = '0.0.1'; } our $LoggedOn_user_id=33; our $attempts = 99; 1;
File: testManageUsers.pl
#!/usr/bin/perl use strict; use warnings; use manageusers qw($LoggedOn_user_id); print "$LoggedOn_user_id\n"; #prints 33 print "$manageusers::attempts \n"; #prints 99 #Note that $attempts is NOT <strike>exported</strike> imported, but still #can be accessed by the fully qualified name!
I hope this helps. Its really early in the morning here, but I think I did this right. Run my code and then pare further questions down to just the basics and variables involved.

Corrected "use xx ();" comment. A bit twitchy with the CTL-V this morning. Also changed commend about $attempts in the mail program. Thanks shmem.


In reply to Re^3: global var by Marshall
in thread global var by tultalk

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