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making my script work with vi

by Plankton (Vicar)
on Jul 15, 2004 at 17:56 UTC ( #374750=perlquestion: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??

Plankton has asked for the wisdom of the Perl Monks concerning the following question:


I am trying to write a simple script that I could use while editting files with vi. One of the things I like about vi is that you can do things like :1,$ !program. Here's a demostration of what I want to be able to do ...
bash-2.05b$ vi junk NOTES doc backup notes scripts cpio_out bashrc ~ ~ ~ :1,$ !sort backup bashrc cpio_out doc notes NOTES scripts :wq
In the above example I used sort to modify my file. I want to be able to do this with this script ...
bash-2.05b$ cat twc #!/usr/bin/perl -w use strict; my $file = shift; if ( !defined( $file ) ) { print "usage: $0 <dir|file>\n"; exit 0; } if ( ! -e $file ) { print "#$file\n"; } else { print "$file\n"; }
... but when I do something like this ...
bash-2.05b$ vi junk backup bashrc cpio_out doc notes NOTES scripts ~ ~ ~ :1,$ !./twc
... I get this ...
usage: ./twc <dir|file>
How should I be handling the input in my Perl script?

Plankton: 1% Evil, 99% Hot Gas.

Replies are listed 'Best First'.
Re: making my script work with vi
by Paladin (Vicar) on Jul 15, 2004 at 18:13 UTC
    When you use ! with vi, it sends the text to the program on STDIN, and replaces it with whatever the program outputs on STDOUT. Try something like this:
    #!/usr/bin/perl -w use strict; while (<STDIN>) { chomp; if ( ! -e ) { print "#$_\n"; } else { print "$_\n"; } }
Re: making my script work with vi
by gmax (Abbot) on Jul 15, 2004 at 18:18 UTC

    As you can learn from your example with sort, the external command takes your lines from the standard input.

    Change your script this way:

    #!/usr/bin/perl -w use strict; while (<>) { chomp; print "file is [$_]\n"; if ( ! -e $_ ) { print "#$_\n"; } else { print "$_\n"; } }

    However, if your Vim has direct Perl support, you can execute something like this:

    :1,$ perldo s/^/#/ unless -e $_

    See Editing features for advanced users for an explanation and more examples on similar features.

     _  _ _  _  
    (_|| | |(_|><
Re: making my script work with vi
by etcshadow (Priest) on Jul 15, 2004 at 19:59 UTC
    STDIN -> STDOUT, just as the others said... You might consider just putting a #!/usr/bin/perl -p at the beginning of your program and thus skipping the whole while (<STDIN>) { ... } loop.

    Also, you can say :%!program to mean the whole file should be filtered, instead of :1,$!program. Just a couple fewer keystrokes is all.

    ------------ :Wq Not an editor command: Wq
Re: making my script work with vi
by dave_the_m (Monsignor) on Jul 15, 2004 at 18:15 UTC
    Your script should be getting its input from STDIN and writing its output to STDOUT. vi will not supply your script with any command-line parameters of its own accord.


Re: making my script work with vi
by NovMonk (Chaplain) on Jul 15, 2004 at 18:22 UTC
    I asked a similar question once-- maybe the answers here might give you some more ideas. Good Luck.



Re: making my script work with vi
by ninja_byte (Acolyte) on Jul 19, 2004 at 21:44 UTC
    Disclaimer: I'm kinda new at this. Comment: Maybe this is going on because your script is expecting a filename as a command line argument. See if the script works while reading from STDIN instead/as well ..?

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