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Re: Gratuitous use of Perl Prototypes

by perrin (Chancellor)
on Nov 08, 2004 at 22:49 UTC ( #406232=note: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??

in reply to Gratuitous use of Perl Prototypes

My first thought any time I see code with prototypes is that the person who wrote it doesn't know Perl very well. There's no reason to use them except to try and do something tricky like your PUSH() example, and I think that's a bad idea because it has hidden behaviors and doesn't work the way other subs do. Better to treat all your subs consistently and use references explicitly when you want them.

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Re^2: Gratuitous use of Perl Prototypes
by leriksen (Curate) on Nov 09, 2004 at 00:56 UTC
    If you need particular types in your parameters, another way to achieve this (and quite possibly more robust than prototype as the clinical dissection above shows) is to use the "program by contract" paradigm.

    So if you need the first parameter to be an array ref, put in code to test this precondition -

    sub PUSH { my ($aref, @new) = @_; carp "first parameter must be an array reference" unless ref $aref e +q 'ARRAY'; ... }

    Even better, use Params::Validate

    If your emulating a builtin like push, using the same interface has advantages (in this case positional parameters), but I prefer using named parameters as much as possible - it also can cut out a number of errors if you choose appropriate parameter names e.g.

    sub NAMED_PUSH { my(%args) = @_; carp "dest_aref parmeter must be an array reference" unless ref $arg +s{dest_aref} eq 'ARRAY'; ... }

    Your POD for this sub (dont give me that puzzled look !!!) should document what keys are expected, and the code checks you have keep your part of the contract.

    use brain;

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