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Re^3: How to use a variable in tr///

by merlyn (Sage)
on Apr 08, 2005 at 12:43 UTC ( #446003=note: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??

in reply to Re^2: How to use a variable in tr///
in thread How to use a variable in tr///

why not just eval?
Because with eval, you must worry about delimiters. For example, if either string had contained "/", the eval example given elsewhere in this thread would fail. Also, eval invites disaster in a proxy-privilege environment (like CGI or other daemons).

The lookup table isn't hard to create:

## initialization my $old = 'abc'; my $new = 'xyz'; my %table; @table{split //, $old} = split //, $new; my $table_re = join '|', map quotemeta reverse sort keys %table; ## the deed my $string = 'abracadabra'; $string =~ s/($table_re)/$table{$1}/g;

-- Randal L. Schwartz, Perl hacker
Be sure to read my standard disclaimer if this is a reply.

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Re^4: How to use a variable in tr///
by Roy Johnson (Monsignor) on Apr 08, 2005 at 12:49 UTC
    The "why not just eval?" referred to the case of embedding an eval'd tr/// in an s///e, which would be no better. But your cautions are valid. [Update: and addressed here]

    Though for character replacement, I'd build the regex using a character class rather than alternation:

    my $table_re = sprintf '[%s]', join '', map quotemeta, keys %table;

    Caution: Contents may have been coded under pressure.

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