good chemistry is complicated,and a little bit messy -LW PerlMonks

### Re^4: If I was forced to use only one kind of loop for the rest of my days it would be a

 on Oct 05, 2005 at 17:40 UTC ( #497681=note: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??

I could attack this statement from the theocretical side. Computer hardware is developping in a very fast pace. Let's imagine you have a system where the state of the program can be saved and reloaded on a machine with more memory, or one that runs on a transparent cluster of machines where new nodes can be added dynamically and old nodes discarded. Such a system could run forever, if you keep updating it with new hardware.

Nope, not even theoretically possible, unless you're much more theoretical than me. You need infinite memory as well as infinite time; where are you going to get infinite matter? It would take infinite energy to assemble it all. It would take infinite space to put it, and we're pretty sure the universe is finite, even if constantly expanding.

Worse yet, any system we can concieve of has some critical component with non-zero probability of failure. Over infinite time, that non-zero failure probability becomes a certainty. To my mind, anything that requires perfect anything as a theoretical condition of it's existance is just a mathematical excercise, and there are more interesting ones out there.

Update: "it's silly to stop with a Turing-machine" -- you're right with this part. "Why not use a bigger field(?) than the integers" -- indeed, why not: Symbolic calculations with operator overload, Re^3: Illegal Modulus zero.

I wasn't trying to argue for computer implementation of various fields (the most basic being simple polynomials), nor was I looking for a first year primer on group theory. Thanks, but I've been to school once already. :-)

My point was, if you're just in it for the complex mathematical abstraction, you can carry a Turing machine as far as you like. Cantor's theorems (together with some others) imply that you can make fields as arbitrarilly large as you like: for any field you care to name, there's a field extension that will make it infinitely bigger, even if the field already was infinite in size. Godel's theorem states that the field extension can never be large enough; for any field with basic, interesting properties, there is always a proposition which has a truth or falsehood which is expressable in a given field, but the truth or falsehood of that statement is not resolvable within that field, but only (possibly) in some field extension.

You can build an infinite number of meta-Turing machine models in your head, and use them to do transfinite arithmetic if you so choose. None of it means anything, though; you're stuck with boring old DFAs when it comes down to what you can really ever build, so trotting out Intro To Theoretical Computing is nice and all, but in the real world, we can't even factor million digit numbers, let alone infinitely large ones. It would be nice to solve the optimal Travelling Salesman problem for all the cities on the planet, but we can't even do a single country. It's a long, long way to infinity! -- AC

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