Yes, Python has quite a few excellent web-server programs ... and Perl has gadzillions. Just surf over to http://search.cpan.org, search for “HTTP server,” and you’ll see what I mean.
If you search instead for HTTP::Server, you’ll see some of the most readily-available packages, such as HTTP::Server::Simple and my latest personal favorite, HTTP::Server::Brick.
Each of these are very comparable to the Python package you cited. “You got a simple job to do, and you want a simple way to do it.” Done.