|laziness, impatience, and hubris|
I disagree with you here.
Of course, you, and the OP, have every right to your opinion and conclusions. just as do I. I've had this debate many times down the years and no one has yet convinced me to change my mind.
I laid out my reasoning here in a meditation: Programming *is* much more than "just writing code"., so I won't repeat them in this thread.
I have on occasion succeeded in changing the opinions of others. Whilst those occasions have been rare, there is a common theme to those occasions of my success. And that is the challenge I made above.
Every pro-comments advocate I ever encountered has agreed that there are "good comments" and "bad comments". But what they will rarely ever do is back up their conceptual support for good comments with real life examples that they are prepared to back.
On those rare occasions when I have persuaded people to offer up (real life) examples for discussion, per my challenge to the OP, they have often been persuaded by my re-writes of the examples that the comments are redundant. But the examples do have to be real-life, not contrived.
As I said above, it doesn't always work. We can all come up with a (usually contrived) example of a comment that cannot be better handled with code.
Personally, I think that people become enamoured with the idea of "good comments", but few if any ever live up to their own ideals of what is actually a "good comment". Hence my challenge.
Examine what is said, not who speaks -- Silence betokens consent -- Love the truth but pardon error.
"Science is about questioning the status quo. Questioning authority".
In the absence of evidence, opinion is indistinguishable from prejudice.