Is Memoize really useful for computations?
For many expensive calculations that are called many times it can be very useful.
The following benchmark compares Ack1() which does no memoisation with Ack2() which is identical, but has been memoised. The results at the bottom show that Ack2() is over 5,448 times faster than Ack1():
#! perl slw
use strict;
use Benchmark qw[ cmpthese ];
use Memoize;
no warnings 'recursion';
sub Ack1 {
my( $M, $N ) = @_;
return $N + 1 if $M == 0;
return Ack1( $M  1, 1 ) if $N == 0;
return Ack1( $M  1, Ack1( $M, $N  1 ) );
}
sub Ack2 {
my( $M, $N ) = @_;
return $N + 1 if $M == 0;
return Ack2( $M  1, 1 ) if $N == 0;
return Ack2( $M  1, Ack2( $M, $N  1 ) );
}
memoize( 'Ack2' );
my %memo;
sub Ack3 {
my( $M, $N ) = @_;
return $memo{ "$M:$N" } //= $N + 1 if $M == 0;
return $memo{ "$M:$N" } //= Ack3( $M  1, 1 ) if $N == 0;
return $memo{ "$M:$N" } //= Ack3( $M  1, Ack3( $M, $N  1 ) );
}
our( $M, $N ) = @ARGV;
cmpthese 1, {
nomemo => q[ Ack1( $M, $N ) ],
Memoise => q[ Ack2( $M, $N ) ],
Homebrew => q[ Ack3( $M, $N ) ],
};
__END__
C:\test>ack 3 5
Rate nomemo Memoise Homebrew
nomemo 34.8/s  100% 100%
Memoise 189639/s 544863%  79%
Homebrew 889629/s 2556412% 369% 
However, all is not lost if you cannot use Memoize, as it is not very difficult to do the memoisation yourself. Ack3() does this using a simple hash and it runs nearly 4 times faster than Ack2() and 25,000 time faster than the nonmemoised version.
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