in reply to Re^2: Golf: Cabbage, Goat, Wolf
in thread Golf: Cabbage, Goat, Wolf

271 but sacrifizing the nice underscores in the output:

```sub t{(sprintf('%04b',@_)=~tr/01/ w/r)&'bcgw'}sub p{printf"%s%8s\$/",
t(15-\$_),t\$_ for@_;print\$/}sub r{my(\$s,\$h,%s)=@_;(\$s^15||p@\$h)|r(\$_,
[@\$h,\$_],\$_,1,%s)for grep{!\$s{\$_}&&!(\$s&8&&~\$s&\$_&7)&&!(~\$s&8&&\$s&~
\$_&7)&&(\$z=\$s^\$_)&8&&((\$z&=7)<3|\$z==4)}15,grep\$_%3,1..14}r+0,[0],0,1

Replies are listed 'Best First'.
Re^4: Golf: Cabbage, Goat, Wolf
by educated_foo (Vicar) on Jan 08, 2014 at 01:12 UTC
263 with some more micro-optimization (hey, that's what I do...):
```sub t{sprintf('%04b',@_)=~y/01/ w/r& bcgw}sub p{printf"%s%8s\$/",t(15-\$
+_),t\$_ for@_;print\$/}sub r{my(\$h,\$s,%s)=@_;(\$s^15||p@\$h)|r([@\$h,\$_],\$
+_,\$_,1,%s)for grep!\$s{\$_}&!(\$s&8&&~\$s&\$_&7)&!(~\$s&8&&\$s&~\$_&7)&&(\$z=\$
+s^\$_)&8&&((\$z&=7)<3|\$z==4),15,grep\$_%3,1..14}r[0],0,0,1
Tricks: (1) grep with brackets usually costs an extra character; (2) barewords don't need quotes; (3) play with -- nay, mercilessly abuse! -- precedence; (4) spelling y/// as tr/// makes Baby Jesus cry.

I wonder if one of Ton's magic formulae could be applied? (See Golf: Magic Formula for Roman Numerals.)

The question is where you want to draw the line between finding the solution and providing information about the solution. Based on the encoding of the states of the world used in the code above (represented by \$s), the expression

```grep!\$s{\$_}&!(\$s&8&&~\$s&\$_&7)&!(~\$s&8&&\$s&~\$_&7)&&(\$z=\$s^\$_)&8&&((\$z&=
+7)<3|\$z==4),15,grep\$_%3,1..14

is used to find the next possible moves based on the rules given. It constructs the following implicit tree:

```0-8    11-1    7-15
\    /    \    /
10-2      13-5
\    /
14-4

Already, I have excluded states 3, 6, 9 and 12 as in thoses states something gets eaten. Looking at this tree, the problem is to find a path from "0" to "15" which is rather simple.

The question is how much of this information is allowed to be input to the script rather being calculated. In the extreme, one could just provide the two solutions and find the shortest script to print them without having to bother moving boats, wolfs, cabbages and goats. But that would be not very interesting...

And to clarify: the grep expression is not an obfuscated version of the tree but finds possible moves based upon the rules (\$s is where we are, \$_ a possible next state):

```grep
!\$s{\$_}              # we have not been at \$_ already
&!(\$s&8              # prohibit the boat is on the right bank initia
+lly
&&~\$s&\$_&7)     # and a move from left to right
&!(~\$s&8             # prohibit the boat is on the left bank initial
+ly
&&\$s&~\$_&7)     # and a move from right to left
&&(\$z=\$s^\$_)&8       # the boat moves
&&((\$z&=7)<3|\$z==4), # with at most one passenger
15,grep\$_%3,1..14    # possible choices for moves