in reply to Cheapest way for multiple external commands

As far as I remember IPC::Run can be used for external commands without calling a subshell. You may see Re^3: Reading output of external program without Shell, a node where haukex was involved. Regards, Karl

«The Crux of the Biscuit is the Apostrophe»

perl -MCrypt::CBC -E 'say Crypt::CBC->new(-key=>'kgb',-cipher=>"Blowfish")->decrypt_hex($ENV{KARL});'Help