in reply to Re^2: shedding a bash wrapper and updating to Path::Tiny
in thread shedding a bash wrapper and updating to Path::Tiny

I finally got it to work. It's hugely verbose, so I'll put output in readmore tags. I just kept on trying things until something worked. Path::Tiny examples are in the middle of this script. I worked the examples of Path::Class given on a path class page on perladvert. Now I'm gonna start editing, making it less verbose.

$ ./8.clone.pl 2.med 1.medit 1.pop ------------- making directories stringified abs to template is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.medit/templ +ate_stuff string abs from is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/2.med/template_stuff ------------- copying files return is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.medit/template_stuff/5.unicode1. +css return is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.medit/template_stuff/utils1.pm return is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.medit/template_stuff/nibley1.pm ... [some get copied twice because of pl endings] return is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.medit/template_stuff/code1.tmpl return is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.medit/template_stuff/code1.tmpl ------------- dollar one is 1 munge is 1.medit1.css name is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.medit/template_stuff/1.medit1.css return2 is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.medit/template_stuff/1.medit1.c +ss ------------- matched is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/2.med/2.med1.pl b is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.medit/1.medit1.pl return3 is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.medit/1.medit1.pl end of clone master_list/2013/North_America master_list/2013/North_America /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/master_list/2013/North_America master_list/2013 master_list/2013/North_America/Vancouver/ETHER /tmp/delivery_list_p2kJ5S string abs pop is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.pop/template_stuff e is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.pop/template_stuff/ruscaptions base dir is ruscaptions folder is 1 string folder is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.medit/template_stuff/rusc +aptions default is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.pop/template_stuff/ruscaptions/ +a.txt base is a.txt to name is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.medit/template_stuff/ruscaption +s/a.txt return4 is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.medit/template_stuff/ruscaption +s/a.txt default is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.pop/template_stuff/ruscaptions/ +b.txt base is b.txt to name is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.medit/template_stuff/ruscaption +s/b.txt return4 is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.medit/template_stuff/ruscaption +s/b.txt e is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.pop/template_stuff/logs base dir is logs folder is 1 string folder is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.medit/template_stuff/logs e is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.pop/template_stuff/aimages base dir is aimages folder is 1 string folder is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.medit/template_stuff/aima +ges default is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.pop/template_stuff/aimages/b.pn +g base is b.png to name is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.medit/template_stuff/aimages/b. +png return4 is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.medit/template_stuff/aimages/b. +png default is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.pop/template_stuff/aimages/a.pn +g base is a.png to name is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.medit/template_stuff/aimages/a. +png return4 is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.medit/template_stuff/aimages/a. +png e is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.pop/template_stuff/captions base dir is captions folder is 1 string folder is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.medit/template_stuff/capt +ions default is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.pop/template_stuff/captions/a.t +xt base is a.txt to name is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.medit/template_stuff/captions/a +.txt return4 is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.medit/template_stuff/captions/a +.txt default is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.pop/template_stuff/captions/b.t +xt base is b.txt to name is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.medit/template_stuff/captions/b +.txt return4 is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.medit/template_stuff/captions/b +.txt return5 is 1 /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.medit 1.medit1.pl template_stuff path1 is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.medit base is 1.medit values are home349337426.1and1-data.host redacted redacted object created, back in main word is 1.medit dir2 is perlmonks files are old num is 0 remote_dir is 1.medit1 dir is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.medit/template_stuff/captions dir is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.medit/template_stuff/ruscaptions tmpl is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.medit/template_stuff/code2.tmpl tmpl is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.medit/template_stuff/code3.tmpl mkdir1 failed path3 is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.medit/template_stuff/1.medit1.css mkdir2 failed mkdir3 failed /pmimage/1.medit1 a is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.medit/template_stuff/aimages/a.png b is a.png a is /home/bob/1.scripts/pages/1.medit/template_stuff/aimages/b.png b is b.png new file is 1.medit1.html $

The script is still in transition, and the produced html page has the code from the $from directory and the content from the $pop directory: new html page with new content . This is what exists now. The %vars is not hooked up to anything yet in this script.

#!/usr/bin/perl -w use strict; use 5.010; use utf8; use open qw/:std :utf8/; use Path::Tiny; my %vars = ( place => 'Vancouver', book => 'Медитац&# +1080;я на perlем', chapter => 'populated title', print_module => 1, script_file => undef, server_dir => 'perlmonks', image_dir => 'pmimage', ); # This script clones the template directory in $1 to $2. # Some names need munging. # $from is a populated child directory; $to is child dir to be create +d. $pop is the folder with the data. my ( $from, $to, $pop ) = @ARGV; my $ts = "template_stuff"; my $current = path(".")->absolute; #say "current is $current"; say "-------------"; say "making directories"; # define the paths within the target directory: my $string_abs_to = path( "$current", "$to", "$ts" )->mkpath; $string_abs_to = path( "$current", "$to", "$ts" )->stringify; say "stringified abs to template is $string_abs_to"; # $from template directory: my $abs_from = path( "$current", "$from", "$ts" ); my $string_abs_from = path( "$current", "$from", "$ts" )->stringify; say "string abs from is $string_abs_from"; say "-------------"; say "copying files"; for ( $abs_from->children ) { #say "default is $_"; next unless -f; if (m/(txt|pm|css|tmpl)$/) { my $base = $_->basename; #say "base is $base"; #syntax is from to to my $return = path($_)->copy( "$string_abs_to", "$base" ); say "return is $return"; } if (m/(pl|sh)$/) { my $base = $_->basename; my $return = path($_)->copy( "$string_abs_to", "$base" ); say "return is $return"; chmod 0755, $return; } } say "-------------"; # copy css file to template with munged name for ( $abs_from->children ) { #say "default is $_"; #say "from is $from"; my $base = $_->basename; #say "base is $base"; if ( $base =~ m/^$from(\d*)\.css$/ ) { #say "matching is $base"; say "dollar one is $1"; my $munge = $to . "1" . ".css"; say "munge is $munge"; my $name = path( "$string_abs_to", "$munge" ); say "name is $name"; #syntax is from to to my $return = path( "$string_abs_from", "$base" )->copy("$name"); say "return2 is $return"; } } ## munge and copy executable, change permissions say "-------------"; my $d = path( "$current", "$from" ); my @matching; for ( $d->children ) { #say "default is $_"; if (m/$from(\d*)\.pl$/i) { push @matching, $_; } } @matching = sort @matching; say "matched is @matching"; my $winner = pop @matching; my $newfile = "${to}1.pl"; my $b = path( $current, $to, $newfile ); print "b is $b\n"; my $return3 = path("$winner")->copy("$b"); say "return3 is $return3"; chmod 0755, $return3; say "end of clone"; my $path = path(qw(master_list 2013 North_America)); # prints 'master_list/2013/North_America'; say $path; # prints 'master_list/2013/North_America' on unix, # 'master_list\2013\North_America' on win32 say $path->canonpath; # prints /home/santa/master_list/2013/North_America when $CWD is /home +/santa say $path->absolute; # prints 'master_list/2013' say $path->parent; # prints 'master_list/2013/North_America/Vancouver/ETHER' say $path->child( 'Vancouver', 'ETHER' ); my $tempdir = Path::Tiny->tempdir('delivery_list_XXXXXX'); my $tempfile = Path::Tiny->tempfile( TEMPLATE => 'delivery_list_XXXXXX', suffix => +'.bin' ); my $scratch_file = $tempdir->child( 'batch_01', 'scratchfile.txt' )->t +ouchpath; chdir $tempdir unless $tempdir->subsumes( Path::Tiny->cwd ); system("pwd &"); my $abs_pop = path( "$current", "$pop", "$ts" ); my $string_abs_pop = path( "$current", "$pop", "$ts" )->stringify; say "string abs pop is $string_abs_pop"; for ( $abs_pop->children ) { next unless -d; my $e = $_; say "e is $e"; my $base_dir = $_->basename; say "base dir is $base_dir"; my $folder = path( "$current", "$to", "$ts", "$base_dir" )->mkpath; say "folder is $folder"; #my $string_folder = $folder->stringify(); my $string_folder = path( "$current", "$to", "$ts", "$base_dir" )->s +tringify; say "string folder is $string_folder"; my $pop_from = path("$e"); next if m/logs/; for ( $pop_from->children ) { say "default is $_\n"; my $base = $_->basename; say "base is $base"; my $to_name = path( "$string_folder", "$base" ); say "to name is $to_name"; my $return4 = path("$_")->copy("$to_name"); say "return4 is $return4"; } } my $exec_path = path( $current, $to ); my $return5 = chdir($exec_path); say "return5 is $return5"; system("pwd "); system("ls "); system ("./$newfile ");

I found that I had to stringify more than I was anticipating but could not stringify for ( $abs_pop->children ) {}. By the end, I figured out that I could use chdir and Path::Tiny to bring me where I needed to be instead of creating some ginormous path. It seems to work fine without quotes. (tested only once)

How do I change the logic so that .tmpl files don't get set to execute because they end in pl?

Accepting any criticisms of style. Does one use quotes in the path calls all the times or just sometimes?

Replies are listed 'Best First'.
Re^4: shedding a bash wrapper and updating to Path::Tiny
by kevbot (Priest) on Jul 13, 2018 at 05:49 UTC
    Hello Datz_cozee75,

    Here are a few comments.

    • Path::Tiny has a method for getting the absolute path of the current working directory, so path(".")->absolute; with  Path::Tiny->cwd;
    • You do not need to quote the variables when you create a new path, so code like this path( "$current", "$to", "$ts" ) can be changed to code like this path( $current, $to, $ts )
    • You do not need to use stringify on a path before printing it, so code like this say "string abs from is $string_abs_from"; can be changed to use the variable that contains the Path::Tiny object like this say "string abs from is $abs_from";. Generally, Path::Tiny objects will stringify on their own when necessary. However, there may be times when you are passing a Path::Tiny object to another method (for example, a method from a different CPAN package) you may sometimes need to stringify the path first.
    • I like to use named variables in my foreach loops, so I made some changes to reflect this.
    • The Path::Tiny children method can be given an argument of a regular expression, where only children that match the regular expression are returned. This allowed me to simplify your code a bit.

    Here is the modified code. Please note that this code is untested and I did this quickly, so it may need some small adjustments and there may be some typos. Please be sure that you have a backup of your data before running this code.

      Thx kevbot, this script really added a lot of polish to the Path::Tiny idioms, but I could not get away from stringifying one line. After you make the method call to mkdir, it's gonna return 1 if successful, so the line with the mkdir call isn't any good for building a path in subsequent path statements. First is the script and then the output:

      Resulting html page shows successful cloning. I appreciate your comments, and my humble script is vastly-improved over the lifetime of this thread.

        Hello Datz_cozee75,

        I'm glad you found my post helpful. I don't see mkdir used anywhere in your code. When you refer to mkdir, I assume you are referring to the mkpath method from Path::Tiny that you use in a couple places (not to be confused with the perl function mkdir). So, code like this may need to be changed to do what you want...

        my $folder = path( $current, $to, $ts, $base_dir )->mkpath;
        The documentation for the Path::Tiny mkpath method states that it returns the list of directories created or an empty list if the directories already exist, just like make_path.. So perhaps this would be more useful,
        my $folder_path = path( $current, $to, $ts, $base_dir ); $folder_path->mkpath; # This will print the path regardless if the path already existed or n +ot print "My folder path is $folder_path\n";
        If you wanted to check the return value of the mkpath method, you could store it in a scalar like this,
        my $mkpath_return_value = $folder_path->mkpath; # The value of $mkpath_return_value will be equal to the number of dir +s created (since the return value will be a list that is forced into # scalar context), or it will be equal to zero if the path already exi +sted.
        or if you wanted the list of dirs that were created you could do this,
        my @dirs = $folder_path->mkpath;