in reply to variable with $$

You're asking for symbolic references, huh? At least, I think you are. Well: don't do it, unless you know really well what you're doing — and basically, if you have to ask how to do it, I dare to bet that you don't. Making a name based on a user's input is always very dangerous. You never know whether he'll input the name of a variable you've used yourself in your program.

See dominus' classic 3 articles on his website, for more arguments against it:

  1. Why it's stupid to `use a variable as a variable name'
  2. A More Direct Explanation of the Problem
  3. What if I'm Really Careful?

In general: don't do it. Use a hash. Like this:

my %v; # my hash for user variables $v{Sam}++; # or: my $name = 'Sam'; $v{$name}++;

Oh, and if you really want to do it, try $$name or ${$name}, which both do the same thing, and only work on global (= package) variables — and only with no strict 'refs'. Just to show you it can be done... ;-)

If all you want is to work on predefined variables with no input from the user/outside world, try hard references instead.

my $var = \$sam; $$var++; # increments $sam
Yes, the syntax is exactly the same. That's one reason why coding without strict 'refs' in place, is a rather bad idea.