I think this is the important part of the documentation
As a convenience, if the $data_source parameter is undefined or empty, the DBI will substitute the value of the environment variable DBI_DSN. If just the driver_name part is empty (i.e., the $data_source prefix is "dbi::"), the environment variable DBI_DRIVER is used. If neither variable is set, then connect dies.
I guess that the environment variable DBI_DRIVER is set to mysql as that is the RDBMS installed on the server.
<code> <a> <b> <big> <blockquote> <br /> <dd> <dl> <dt> <em> <font> <h1> <h2> <h3> <h4> <h5> <h6> <hr /> <i> <li> <nbsp> <ol> <p> <small> <strike> <strong> <sub> <sup> <table> <td> <th> <tr> <tt> <u> <ul>