in reply to Re^3: Portability of floor(log(N))
in thread Portability of floor(log(N))

And, IIUC, the test script should accept '1000e-36' as correct when NV precision is 64 bits

Alternatively (and since you're already using POSIX) you should get the result you expected, if you replace the log() calls with POSIX::log10(). That way both numerator and divisor should be exact (for these particular inputs), as should also be the result of the division ... irrespective of the precision of the NV:
$ perl -MPOSIX -le 'print POSIX::floor(POSIX::log10(1e-33) / POSIX::lo +g10(1000));' -11