Current Perl documentation can be found at

Here is our local, out-dated (pre-5.6) version:

One fairly efficient way is to count newlines in the file. The following program uses a feature of tr///, as documented in the perlop manpage. If your text file doesn't end with a newline, then it's not really a proper text file, so this may report one fewer line than you expect.

    $lines = 0;
    open(FILE, $filename) or die "Can't open `$filename': $!";
    while (sysread FILE, $buffer, 4096) {
        $lines += ($buffer =~ tr/\n//);
    close FILE;

This assumes no funny games with newline translations.