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Re: my $a and our $a

by vinoth.ree (Monsignor)
on Jan 06, 2016 at 08:00 UTC ( #1152055=note: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??


in reply to my $a and our $a

 my is a way to declare, none package variables, which are private,non-global variables separate from any package. So that the variable cannot be accessed in the form of $PackageName::variable

our variables are, package variables, global variables and not private, they can be accessed outside the package with the qualified namespace, as $PackageName::variable

Declaring a variable with our allows you to predeclare variables in order to use them under use strict without getting typo warnings or compile-time errors. Since Perl 5.6, it has replaced the obsolete use vars, which was only file-scoped, and not lexically scoped as is our.

For example, the formal, qualified name for variable $x inside package main is $main::x. Declaring our $x allows you to use the bare $x variable without penalty (i.e., without a resulting error), in the scope of the declaration, when the script uses use strict or use strict "vars". The scope might be one, or two, or more packages, or one small block.

Example:
use strict; for (1 ..2){ # Both variables are lexically scoped to the block. our ($o); # Belongs to 'main' package. my ($m); # Does not belong to a package. # The variables differ with respect to newness. $o ++; $m ++; print __PACKAGE__, " >> o=$o m=$m\n"; # $m is always 1. # The package has changed, but we still have direct, # unqualified access to both variables, because the # lexical scope has not changed. package Fubb; print __PACKAGE__, " >> o=$o m=$m\n"; } # The our() and my() variables differ with respect to privacy. # We can still access the variable declared with our(), provided # that we fully qualify its name, but the variable declared # with my() is unavailable. print __PACKAGE__, " >> main::o=$main::o\n"; # 5 print __PACKAGE__, " >> main::m=$main::m\n"; # Undefined. # Attempts to access the variables directly won't compile. # print __PACKAGE__, " >> o=$o\n"; # print __PACKAGE__, " >> m=$m\n"; # Variables declared with use vars() are like those declared # with our(): belong to a package; not private; and not new. # However, their scoping is package-based rather than lexical. for (1 .. 9){ use vars qw($uv); $uv ++; } # Even though we are outside the lexical scope where the # use vars() variable was declared, we have direct access # because the package has not changed. print __PACKAGE__, " >> uv=$uv\n"; # And we can access it from another package. package Bubb; print __PACKAGE__, " >> main::uv=$main::uv\n";

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