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That's because the (scalar) operator of an op= imposes scalar context on the lists and so only the last element of each list is affected:

c:\@Work\Perl\monks>perl -wMstrict -le "my ($x, $y, $z) = (30, 40, 50); ($x, $y, $z) += (3, 4, 5); print qq{$x, $y, $z}; " Useless use of a constant in void context at -e line 1. Useless use of a constant in void context at -e line 1. Useless use of private variable in void context at -e line 1. Useless use of private variable in void context at -e line 1. 30, 40, 55
Raku can do these kinds of list operations; see Raku Programming/Meta Operators.

Update: I'm not aware that you can do this with pure lists in Perl 5, but it can certainly be done with arrays:

c:\@Work\Perl\monks>perl -wMstrict -le "my @ra = (30, 40, 50); my @rb = ( 3, 4, 5); ;; $ra[$_] += $rb[$_] for 0 .. $#ra; print qq{@ra}; " 33 44 55
And via List::MoreUtils::pairwise():
c:\@Work\Perl\monks>perl -wMstrict -le "use List::MoreUtils qw(pairwise); use vars qw($a $b); ;; my @ra = (30, 40, 50); my @rb = ( 3, 4, 5); ;; my @rc = pairwise { $a + $b } @ra, @rb; print qq{@rc}; " 33 44 55
or
c:\@Work\Perl\monks>perl -wMstrict -le "use List::MoreUtils qw(pairwise); use vars qw($a $b); ;; my @ra = (30, 40, 50); my @rb = ( 3, 4, 5); ;; pairwise { $a += $b } @ra, @rb; print qq{@ra}; " 33 44 55
(The  use vars qw($a $b); statement quiets some warnings.)


Give a man a fish:  <%-{-{-{-<


In reply to Re: A list assignment gotcha (updated) by AnomalousMonk
in thread Not understanding 2 sentences in perldoc by Anonymous Monk

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