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Re: I need help with some recursion

by tobyink (Abbot)
on Dec 08, 2012 at 11:18 UTC ( #1007888=note: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??

in reply to I need help with some recursion

To do recursion you really need to do your work in a function. That way, the function can call itself - recurse.

Right now the only function you have is a small helper, uniq and you're not doing the bulk of your work in a function.

Anyway, here's how I'd do it...

use strict; use warnings; use Data::Dumper; # Read the data from the file... # my @lines = map { chomp; [split] } <DATA>; # Arrays are indexed from 0, but we want to count lines # from 1, so let's unshift a dummy 0 entry onto the array. # unshift @lines, undef; # This is a more usual way of implementing "uniq". It # preserves the original input order. # sub uniq { my %seen; grep { not $seen{$_}++ } @_; } # This is the function that does most of the work. It # calculates what graph theorists would call a "closure" # over the graph of line references. # sub line_closure { # We're given an input list, which is a set of # lines already in the closure. # my @input = @_; # Extend the list by looping through @input to # generate the output. # my @output = uniq map { # if the line referred to exists $lines[$_] # then add the numbers from that # line ? ($_, @{$lines[$_]}) # otherwise, just keep the existing # number : ($_) } @input; # If the two lists match (and because we're only # ever adding to the list, checking the list # lengths is sufficient), then we've found the # closure, so return it. # if (@output == @input) { return @output; } # Otherwise, calculate the closure on the expanded # list. # return line_closure(@output); } # Get the closure starting at line 1. # my @results = line_closure(1); print Dumper \@results; __DATA__ 1 2 4 2 3 4 3 7 4 6 5 10 11 12 13 6 7 1
perl -E'sub Monkey::do{say$_,for@_,do{($monkey=[caller(0)]->[3])=~s{::}{ }and$monkey}}"Monkey say"->Monkey::do'

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Re^2: I need help with some recursion
by ragnarokPP (Initiate) on Dec 08, 2012 at 11:51 UTC

    It is perfect, simple. But if i applied it for all the lines the result will be:

    1,2,4,3,6,7 2,3,4,7,6,1 3,7,1,2,4,6 4,6 5,10,11,12,13 6 7,1,2,4,3,6

    but i am looking for something like this:

    1,2,4,3,6,7 5,10,11,12,13

      So don't apply it to all the lines. This seems to produce something close to your desired output:

      my %seen; for (my $i = 1; $i < @lines; $i++) { next if $seen{$i}; my @results = line_closure($i); print Dumper \@results; $seen{$_}++ for @results; }
      perl -E'sub Monkey::do{say$_,for@_,do{($monkey=[caller(0)]->[3])=~s{::}{ }and$monkey}}"Monkey say"->Monkey::do'

        it seems work perfect. thank you very much.

        thank you very much

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